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诗歌翻译:杜甫-《秋兴·其二》英文译文

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《秋兴八首》是唐代大诗人杜甫寓居四川夔州(今重庆市奉节县)时创作的以遥望长安为主题的组诗,是杜诗七律的代表作。第二首写诗人身在孤城,从落日的黄昏坐到深宵,翘首北望,长夜不寐,表现出对长安的强烈怀念。
杜甫
《秋兴·其二》 杜甫
夔府孤城落日斜,每依北斗望京华。
听猿实下三声泪,奉使虚随八月槎。
画省香炉违伏枕,山楼粉堞隐悲笳。
请看石上藤萝月,已映洲前芦荻花。
Autumn Meditations 2 Du Fu
Setting sun angles over Kuizhou's lone walls;
Big Dipper my guide, I gaze far off toward the shining capital.
I hear gibbons cry three times, and in truth tears come down;(1)
charged with a mission, vainly I boarded the eighth-month raft.(2)
Picture-hung ministry, its incense remote from the pillow I lie on;(3)
mountain towers, their white-daubed parapets dimmed with plaintive flutes.
Look there! Moonlight on vines and creepers that cloak the rocks—
already it shines on the rush and reed blossoms of the river shoals.

(1) An old song says that hearing three cries from the gibbons of the Yangzi gorges will invariably move one to tears.
(2) A double reference to the story of how the explorer Zhang Qian, on a mission for Emperor Wu of the Han, set out by raft and traced the Yellow River to its source; and to a story of how a man living by the sea boarded a raft that appeared in the eighth month and took him to the River of Heaven, the Milky Way. Both journeys led to success, whereas Du Fu's official career ended in failure.
(3) Du Fu is recalling time when he was an official in the Department of State Affairs, whose walls were decorated with portraits of distinguished men. Women attendants burned incense to perfume the robes of officials spending the night on duty at the ministry.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
raft [rɑ:ft]
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n. 筏,救生艇,大量 v. 乘筏,制成筏
 
distinguished [di'stiŋgwiʃt]
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adj. 卓著的,尊敬的 动词distinguish的过
联想记忆
perfume ['pə:fju:m,pə'fju:m]
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n. 香水,香气
vt. 使香气弥漫
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invariably [in'vɛəriəbli]
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adv. 不变化地,一定不变地,常常地
 
reed [ri:d]
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n. 芦苇,芦笛,簧片
Reed:里德(姓氏)
 
source [sɔ:s]
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n. 发源地,来源,原始资料
 
remote [ri'məut]
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adj. 偏僻的,遥远的,远程的,(感情等)距离很大
联想记忆
reference ['refrəns]
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n. 参考,出处,参照
n. 推荐人,推荐函<
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plaintive ['pleintiv]
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adj. 哀伤的,可怜的
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incense ['insens,in'sens]
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n. 香,香味,阿谀,恭维
vt. 对 ...
联想记忆

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